Massachusetts Legal Developments Blog

Massachusetts Legal Developments Blog

Massachusetts State Police Crack Down on “Multi-State” Drug Organization

In April of 2024, the official news blog of the Massachusetts State Police (MSP) announced the arrest of three suspected drug traffickers. Law enforcement also obtained a fourth arrest warrant for another suspect outside of the United States. This was the culmination of an investigation that began in the Fall of 2023, and police have been trying to bring down this alleged drug trafficking network for months.  

Numerous Law Enforcement Agencies Participate in Drug Bust

Images from the arrest show various seized items. These include bricks of fentanyl, bags of cocaine, wads of cash, presses, extended magazines, and ammunition. Law enforcement also laid out various department and agency crests to illustrate their participation in the operation. These organizations include the Rhode Island State Police, the Nashua Police in New Hampshire, and various departments throughout Massachusetts. The most prominent crest was that of the “State Police C.I.N.R.E.T,” which took center stage amidst the image of seized items. 

“C.I.N.R.E.T” stands for “Commonwealth Interstate Narcotics Reduction Enforcement Team,” and this organization’s mission is to take down various drug trafficking organizations. Law enforcement agencies describe its role as “unique,” stressing its “long-term, complex investigations.” Since its establishment, it has participated in numerous drug busts and arrests. In March of 2023, eight people were arrested in another C.I.N.R.E.T-sponsored takedown. 

In April’s three-person arrest, the organization participated with the State Police Detective Unit, the State Police Gang Unit, and Homeland Security. 

Police Seize Drugs Through “Undercover Drug Buys”

Although the image of seized drugs is certainly striking from a visual standpoint, police did not seize all of the drugs at one particular time. Instead, the image represents a collection of drugs seized over numerous months. An undercover Massachusetts State Trooper facilitated 10 “controlled buys” over the course of the investigation. Authorities then collected all of the drugs from these controlled buys, placed them on a table, and photographed them together. 

The MSP blog states that these controlled buys ranged from just 11 grams to 2,000 grams. In all likelihood, the undercover agent started with small purchases, eventually gaining the suspects’ trust and purchasing higher quantities as time went on. Police seized a much greater amount of fentanyl compared to cocaine – securing over 7,000 grams vs 900 grams of cocaine. This “high-potency, un-cut” fentanyl seems to have been the main focus. 

In one purchase alone, the undercover trooper paid $27,000 for two kilos of fentanyl. At the conclusion of this purchase, law enforcement moved in and arrested one of the three suspects. 

In addition, police say they seized 43 grams of meth in the operation. Four firearms and “several” high capacity magazines” were also reported by Massachusetts State Police – plus 100 rounds of ammunition. For whatever reason, law enforcement also seized two vehicles. 

Who Defends Alleged Drug Traffickers in Massachusetts?

The MSP blog describes this drug bust as a clear victory, but the suspects are innocent until proven guilty. Only the criminal justice process will determine whether these individuals will actually be convicted. Like all other defendants, the three arrested suspects will have access to criminal defense attorneys in Massachusetts. Edward R. Molari has been defending drug trafficking suspects for years, and defendants may consult with him for further guidance. 

19 Arrested on Drug Charges in Brockton, Massachusetts

Back in September of 2023, almost 20 suspects were arrested on drug charges in Brockton. Although this was a considerable detention of what police referred to as "street-level" dealers, it represented only one step in the Brockton Opiate Suppression Initiative. This program has been characterized by mass arrests, with at least two "sweeps" in the past few years taking in dozens of alleged dealers. How can police officers be so sure that each one of these suspects is a drug dealer? Are they casting their net too wide – potentially charging innocent people? How can authorities avoid so-called "guilt by association?" 

Brockton Drug Sweep Results in Mass Arrests

In September of 2023, authorities from 11 different law enforcement agencies suddenly descended upon Brockton, eventually taking 19 people into custody. Although this might seem like a high number, Brockton and State police actually obtained arrest warrants for a total of 31 people before executing the bust. In other words, 11 people escaped. As part of this drug sweep, authorities took possession of various "ghost guns," ammunition, drugs, and paraphernalia. Police specifically mentioned seizing fentanyl and crack cocaine. 

Many Brockton residents were not overly surprised by the sweep, as authorities have been targeting this low-income area for decades. Almost every year, law enforcement agencies pick one specific date to carry out mass arrests in Brockton. These arrests have continued on a regular basis since 2007 – often occurring sometime during summer. The sweeps usually take more than 20 people into custody. As we approach the summer of 2024, it seems likely that authorities will carry out another sweep at approximately the same time. 

What is the Brockton Opiate Suppression Initiative?

Although mass arrests have been occurring since 2007 in Brockton, the "Brockton Opiate Suppression Initiative" is a relatively new development. It was first announced during a press conference in 2022, and an official web page on the Plymouth County District Attorney's site from this date describes the initiative in vague terms. The page simply states:

"Drug dealers are plaguing some Brockton neighborhoods. Law-abiding citizens living here deserve better. Thanks to all involved, Brockton is a safer place as a result of these efforts." 

Another web page states:

"The goal of this operation was to address issues related to opiate distribution and other drug dealing activities, violence, quality of life issues, and related crimes in the community."

It is not exactly clear how this initiative differs from past mass arrests in Brockton throughout the years – other than giving drug sweeps a special name. 

Find a Drug Crime Defense Attorney in Brockton

If you are facing drug charges in Brockton, Massachusetts, you can defend yourself confidently alongside a qualified drug crime defense lawyer. Perhaps you were simply in the wrong place at the wrong time, and you were caught in a "drug sweep" as part of the Brockton Opiate Suppression Initiative. Perhaps you are facing charges because you associate with a dealer – and not because you personally engaged in any drug offenses yourself. Whatever the case may be, there is hope for justice and freedom. Choose Edward R. Molari, book a consultation, and get started with an effective defense strategy today. 

Supreme Court Enforces Double Jeopardy Protection

Sentencing under Massachusetts Murder Laws

In Massachusetts, the sentence for murder in the first degree is life without possibility of parole. Murder in the first degree occurs when someone commits a premeditated, intentional killing. The sentence for murder in the second degree, on the other hand, is life with the possibility of parole. If you are convicted of murder in the second degree, you generally become eligible for parole within 15 to 25 years. 

What is Double Jeopardy

Double jeopardy falls under the Fifth Amendment of the United States Constitution, which states that defendants cannot be charged for exactly the same offense twice in the same jurisdiction. It is possible to charge someone for two different offenses with the same evidence, however – and it is also possible to try defendants separately under virtually identical State and federal laws. 

Supreme Court Issues Important Decision on Double Jeopardy Incident

Despite protections from double jeopardy, sometimes defendants face the prospect of new trials for the same offenses. The Supreme Court was forced to step in in one recent case involving a mentally ill defendant who successfully pursued a not guilty verdict by reason of insanity. However, he was still convicted of lesser offenses in connection with the same crime. The State courts in this case found that these two rulings were incompatible or “repugnant.” In other words, he should have been acquitted of both sets of crimes if he was truly insane. 

This subsequently led to the theoretically impossible scenario of double jeopardy. It was at this point that the Supreme Court stepped in and established that the inconsistency between verdicts was not an issue. This man could not be tried again under any circumstances, and the decision was reversed and remanded. Specifically, Justice Jackson stated that “The Double Jeopardy Clause prohibits second-guessing the reason for a jury’s acquittal. She went on to state that the jury had “unreviewable power to return a verdict of not guilty even for impermissible reasons.”

41 Alleged Boston Gang Members Charged in Serious Federal Crackdown

In February of 2024, a total of 41 alleged gang members in Boston were charged with a wide range of offenses, including racketeering, drug trafficking, firearms violations, and fraud. If these are indeed Heath Street Gang members, this crackdown has taken almost 33% of its workforce off the streets. This is apparently the culmination of a two-year investigation into the gang carried out by various law enforcement agencies, including Homeland Security, the Department of Labor, the IRS, the Massachusetts State Police, the US Department of Agriculture, the US Secret Service, the US Postale Inspection Service, the DEA, and the OCDETF.  

What is the Heath Street Gang?

According to the Department of Justice, the Heath Street Gang is a decades-old criminal enterprise originally formed in the 1980s. It has its roots in various housing projects in the Jamaica Plain area, and law enforcement considers it to be one of the most dangerous gangs in Boston. It has notable rivalries with the Mission Hill Gang and the H-Block Gang, and the DOJ accuses it of carrying out various shootings to “preserve and protect” its “power, territory, and reputation.” Some of these shootings reportedly killed children in the crossfire, attracting serious attention from law enforcement.  

A Surprising Number of White-Collar Crimes

Although the gang attracted attention from law enforcement due to its alleged brazen shootings, it is also accused of carrying out numerous additional offenses – including white-collar crimes. The DOJ states that some of the 41 defendants have been charged with non-violent crimes, such as COVID-19 fraud. One defendant was accused of carrying out unemployment fraud in 10 different states – plus the territory of Guam. He was not the only associate to face such charges, and the DOJ accuses various members of “widespread CARES Act loan and unemployment fraud.” 

Organized Smash-and-Grabs

In addition, the DOJ points to what it calls “organized retail theft.” In other words, the gang allegedly facilitated large-scale shoplifting of major retailers in Boston. Combined with the various unemployment fraud activities, these activities apparently allowed the gang to generate about $900,000. The DOJ accuses them of using these funds to purchase over 100 firearms.  

Violence Involving Juveniles

While the aforementioned white-collar crimes are certainly worth mentioning, they are probably byproducts of in-depth investigations triggered by alleged violence involving minors. Both victims and perpetrators in many of these incidents were juveniles, and the Heath Street Gang is accused of recruiting minors in Jamaica Plain while encouraging them to carry out various acts of violence. In addition, many of the victims were juveniles – including those caught in the crossfire. 

Music Videos May Be Used as Evidence

Music videos may find their way into some of these criminal trials, as various gang members openly bragged about their crimes and posted these admissions on YouTube. In addition, juveniles were reportedly rewarded with cameos in some of these music videos, apparently providing law enforcement with a clear picture of who carried out various acts. 

Shootings at the Caribbean Music Festival in Dorchester: Are Police Reacting Fairly?

It seems that with each passing year, there is some kind of shooting incident at the Caribbean Music Festival in Dorchester. Last year, a shooting resulted in eight people suffering nonfatal gunshot wounds. The police’s reaction to this event and similar shootings should come under close scrutiny. Due to the popularity of the festival, authorities are under immense pressure to react in a decisive manner. However, the high-stakes nature of this case may lead to numerous criminal justice concerns.  

Four Men Face Charges for Caribbean Music Festival Shooting

On February 1, four men were officially charged for their roles in the shooting at the Caribbean Music Festival in August of 2023. The attack in Dorchester left eight people with non-life-threatening gunshot wounds. Officers arrested two of the defendants shortly after the festival, recovering illegally-modified handguns from them. However, officers seem to have arrested many other individuals in a somewhat indiscriminate fashion after the festival – perhaps with the intention of catching anyone who could have possibly been involved. One can only assume that many of these individuals were subsequently released without further consequences. 

The circumstances in which the other two defendants were arrested are unclear. Earlier reports only spoke of three arrests made in connection with the shooting. However, the charges filed in February of 2024 indicate a fourth individual. There is no word on how this additional suspect became involved in the investigation. Piecing together the scraps of information, we can assume that the first two individuals were arrested at the music festival. The third was arrested shortly thereafter, while the fourth seems to have been arrested late in the investigatory process. 

Police also suggest that this group of four defendants represents two factions allegedly firing at each other. However, it is not clear which defendants were friends or associates. It is worth noting, however, that while three defendants were charged with assault, the fourth only faced penalties related to illegal firearm possession. This individual was one of the two arrested at the scene of the music festival. 

Points for Discussion

While it is easy to make assumptions about the Caribbean Music Festival, the truth is that the potential for violence increases with all large outdoor events. The addition of a fourth suspect late into the investigation also poses important questions. What new evidence led to the arrest? Could it have been statements extracted from the other three defendants? What kind of pressure did they face to give up the name of a fourth individual – and can this testimony even be trusted? 

Find a Qualified Firearm Shooting Charges Lawyer in Boston

Due to continuous shootings during festivals and other events in Boston, defendants facing gun charges may struggle with an unfair level of pressure from prosecutors. Problems with due process and criminal justice are real concerns in this situation, and defendants should fight for their rights alongside the most qualified, experienced firearm shooting charges lawyer they can find. Choose Edward R. Molari to get started with an effective defense strategy today. 

What Exactly IS the Organized Crime Drug Enforcement Task Force?

Also known simply as the “OCDETF,” the Organized Crime Drug Enforcement Task Force plays an important role in numerous criminal cases across Massachusetts. However, many people may not understand this role, and some might not even be aware that this organization exists. Those who face investigations by this organization may face high-pressure, high-stakes criminal charges compared to others who commit similar but “lower-profile” crimes.  

The OCDETF Targets High-Profile Drug Offenders

The OCDETF offers to take high-profile cases off the hands of local or state police, and they tend to target cases that are easy to win. In exchange for “robbing them of their glory,” the OCDETF promises these local authorities to bring harsher penalties than the defendant would have otherwise received in state courts. The OCDETF can do this because it receives funding directly from the Department of Justice, and it can pursue charges through federal courts instead. It also has close ties to various federal agencies, such as the Drug Enforcement Agency, the Federal Bureau of Investigation, and the United States Marshals Services.

In many ways, the OCDETF exists to make headlines. Because they can pick and choose cases across numerous states, they can easily select the most “winnable” cases. As a result, they can boast of accomplishments that would not normally be possible if they had no choice of which cases to accept. These include the seizure of billions in cash and tens of thousands of high-profile drug convictions.  

How Can the OCDETF Affect Criminal Cases in Massachusetts?

The OCDETF has the authority to direct investigative resources based on directions from prosecuting authorities in local Massachusetts courts. As a result, drug defendants in Massachusetts suddenly find themselves facing much higher levels of pressure whenever the OCDETF gets involved. The full scrutiny of numerous federal agencies may be brought to bear against relatively low-level dealers. With the possibility of facing excessive federal prison sentences, these defendants often agree to cooperate and provide evidence against the OCDETF’s real targets – the big-time traffickers who are much higher up on the ladder of drug crime networks. In exchange for this cooperation, the small-time dealers often receive reduced sentences. 

Two Recent Cases Involving the OCDETF

On January 23, 2024, the Justice Department reported that a Boston man had pleaded guilty to RICO conspiracy, trafficking charges, and possession of a firearm as a felon. His offense revolved around an assault in 2019. After his arrest by local police, 900 grams of cocaine, 500 grams of marijuana, a loaded handgun, and about $15,500 in cash were recovered in his possession. While one might argue that this is evidence of trafficking, this is clearly not a “high-level” dealer; the OCDETF’s involvement indicates that his guilty plea may have been due to his cooperation – possibly leading authorities to a higher-level trafficker. 

On January 19, it was reported that another Boston defendant had been sentenced to just over five years in prison for possession of two kilos of fentanyl. He was discovered in 2022 with a cereal box filled with fentanyl. This five-year sentence is quite low, considering that possessing even 10 grams of fentanyl can lead to 20 years in prison. This could be explained by the OCDETF’s involvement, suggesting that the defendant cooperated in exchange for a reduced sentence. 

District Court Judge in Massachusetts Says Carrying Guns Across State Lines Is Okay

Back in August of 2023, a District Court Judge in Massachusetts made a surprising decision. In a case that revolved around a New Hampshire man who attempted to carry a firearm without a proper license in Massachusetts, the judge dismissed the charges. Why? According to him, the state’s requirement that non-residents obtain temporary carry licenses is unconstitutional. While this case is notable, it’s important not to read too much into it. 

The Second Amendment Trumps Other Individually Held Rights

Judge Coffey wrote that a person cannot lose their right to bear arms under the Second Amendment simply by traveling into a different state. Anything else, the judge argued, would mean that an individual’s Second Amendment rights are handled differently compared to other rights. 

Back in June of 2022, the Supreme Court made a similar landmark decision in New York. These decisions seem to suggest that bringing a weapon across state lines is inherently acceptable under the Constitution – although it is important to remember that the Massachusetts decision was only issued by a District Court. As a result, it does not “set a precedent” in the same way as a Supreme Court decision.

Nonetheless, this is part of an apparent trend toward what some call “national reciprocity” – the idea that every US citizen has the right to travel across all 50 states while carrying firearms in public. Note that the penalties for carrying firearms across state lines without proper permits can be quite severe. The aforementioned New Hampshire resident was facing 18 months in prison for his offense. 

This decision also involves the distinction between a “privilege” to bear arms and a “right” to bear arms. The Supreme Court decision in June of 2022 established that the constitutional right to bear arms is a right and not a privilege – and the court used the term “second-class right” in this context. This suggests that Second Amendment rights should be prioritized over other rights - which is exactly what Judge Coffey was getting at when he made his 2023 decision. 

Does This Decision Even Matter?

While this decision is interesting, it does not serve as a precedent – at least not yet. The Commonwealth has already filed an appeal – and this means that it could eventually become a precedent at a later date. Specifically, the Court of Appeals may issue a decision – or it might even go to the Supreme Judicial Court for review. When and if this happens, Coffey’s decision could very well set a precedent – pushing gun rights even further across the entire nation. 

Get in Touch With a Firearms Defense Attorney Today

If you are facing charges for carrying a firearm across state lines, consider booking a consultation with a qualified defense attorney in Massachusetts. With help from Edward R. Modlari, you can push back against excessive penalties and fight for your Second Amendment rights. Book your consultation today to get started with an effective defense strategy. 

Why Some Defendants Suddenly Have More Leverage On the Commonwealth

The elimination of life without parole for murder defendants between the ages of 18 and 20 will have significant effects on the criminal justice system in Massachusetts. Specifically, it means that the Commonwealth now has less leverage over defendants within this age bracket as they approach a major choice: Pleading guilty or heading to trial. While this choice is important for virtually any defendant, the stakes are obviously much higher if a defendant stands to lose any hope of ever being released. The exact effects of this change in the criminal justice system are somewhat nuanced.  

Commonwealth vs. Sheldon Mattis

In January of 2024, the Commonwealth confirmed that mandatory life imprisonment without parole is unconstitutional for juveniles. Referring to a previous case in 2013 (Diatchenko I), the Supreme Judicial Court found that this protection against mandatory life imprisonment should extend to “emerging adults.” The court defines emerging adults as those who were 18, 19, or 20 at the time they committed their crimes. In Commonwealth vs. Sheldon Mattis, the defendant successfully challenged the constitutionality of his sentence of life without parole, and this argument was successful. 

The case revolves around a shooting incident that occurred at a parking lot. While the defendant did not pull the trigger, he was accused of handing his codefendant a weapon and telling him to “handle that” – referring to the presence of two individuals nearby. One victim survived the shooting, while the other succumbed to their wounds. Part of the trial was devoted to the subject of neurological development among teens, and it included testimony from medical experts. 

The issue at hand was whether "emerging adults" are capable of making informed decisions due to their brain development process and whether this should represent a mitigating factor for criminal offenses such as murder. The defendant was 18 at the time of the shooting. Ultimately, the defense counsel’s arguments proved was rejected by the trial court, and the defendant was sentenced to life without the possibility of parole. The defendant filed a motion for a new trial, arguing that the sentence violated constitutional prohibitions on cruel or unusual punishments. 

However, the courts denied all of these efforts and upheld the sentence. In the following years, however, the subject of neurological development among teens continued to take center stage, with a different Superior Court judge stating that emerging adults are “less able to control their impulses.”

What This Decision Means

Before this case, an "emerging adult" was forced to choose between a trial and a plea deal. The trial came with significant risks, as there was a serious chance of never being released. On the other hand, a plea deal guarantees at least the possibility of release. Now, the prospect of life without parole has been eliminated – giving defendants more autonomy to make a choice that aligns with their values and priorities.

Some speculate that some day the SJC may decide to extend the rule against life without parole to adults. It seems unlikely to happen in our lifetime, but it is cerainly possible. in particular, the SJC in this case decided to take the statute fixing a term for parole between 20 and 30 years. It could have, instead, found unconstitutional the provision making life without parole mandatory, and thereby allowed people to be sentenced to life without parole but making the choice discretionary. This is how it works for juveniles in many states, and may be the next reform that Massachusetts sees towards the elimination of life without the possibility of parole.

Insane String of Legal Decisions Pulls Brockton Man in and Out of Prison

On December 21, 2023, it was reported that a Brockton man had been arraigned on a murder charge. This isn’t particularly out of the ordinary, as Brockton is “not one of the safest communities in America,” according to However, when one looks into this case in more detail, it is anything but ordinary.  

Brockton Man Spends Four Months Out of Prison Before Being Accused of Murder

This individual had apparently experienced just four months of freedom before new murder charges, having previously been sentenced to nine years for involuntary manslaughter and firearms offenses back in 2021. These charges stemmed from a 2013 incident involving the death of an individual in Brockton. 

However, the defendant spent just a few years behind bars, as he received credit for time served. To complicate matters even further, he won an appeal in 2016 after initially being charged with manslaughter. As a result of this appeal, his convictions for manslaughter and firearms offenses were reversed by the Massachusetts Appeals Court in 2019. 

Why did the Appeals Court reverse the decision? Because the judge denied his motion to suppress the portion of his interrogation after he clearly stated he was “done answering questions.” The Appeals Court found that the defendant was exercising his right to remain silent and that the trial judge should have suppressed the later portion of the interrogation as requested. Although he was set for a new trial, the defendant eventually decided to plead guilty and was then sentenced in 2021. He spent about a year longer in prison before being released in early 2022. 

Four months later, he allegedly became involved in the fatal shooting of another Brockton resident. Police say that after an investigation, they obtained an arrest warrant for the defendant. He was eventually taken into custody and charged with murder, assault and battery with a dangerous weapon, discharging a firearm within 500 feet of a building, possessing a firearm without a license, and possessing ammunition without a license. What happens next is anyone’s guess. 

Research this defendant’s history a little more, and you’ll find even more back-and-forth legal decisions. In 2009 – before his manslaughter incident – he was convicted of trafficking cocaine. One of the key witnesses in his trial was state drug lab chemist Annie Dookhan, who was later accused of mishandling 60,000 drug samples. Although the defendant was initially sentenced to five years in prison (minus time served), he walked out of prison in the wake of the drug lab scandal. The drug samples used to convict him had been destroyed by 2012, and his petition for a new trial led to his sentence being vacated. However, his freedom was short-lived – as he spent just six months on the outside before being incarcerated for the 2013 manslaughter incident. 

Due to this defendant’s incredible ability to escape serious terms in prison, it is difficult to predict with any accuracy whether these new charges will “stick.” 

How Did This Defendant Get an Acquittal After Stabbing Accusations?

In 2019, a 20-year-old was fatally stabbed multiple times in Brookline, Massachusetts – but the person arrested for this offense was eventually acquitted. The fatal incident took place at approximately 1:30 AM, and it apparently involved a dispute over prescription drugs. Very quickly, the defendant claimed that he was acting in self-defense. Over the next few years, a detailed account of this incident began to emerge.  

How the Story Changed Over the Years

Initially, media reports painted the deceased individual as a clear victim. They highlighted the fact that he was a student at a local educational institution and that he was missed by many students and teachers. What these reports failed to mention, however, was that the deceased individual was almost certainly caught up in some kind of altercation over prescription drugs. 

Eventually, the story began to change. Police found Snapchat messages that implicated the defendant and led to his arrest. However, the defendant’s counsel quickly began to paint a very different picture – one that suggested that the deceased individual might not have been the “innocent student” initially described by media reports. On the contrary, the defense maintained that this individual attacked the defendant with a broken vodka bottle in an attempt to steal two Xanax pills. The defense also suggested that the deceased individual was heavily intoxicated at the time of the altercation. 

In response, the prosecution argued that the deceased individual had suffered almost 20 stab wounds – and that this could not possibly be the result of someone acting in self-defense. Someone acting in self-defense would have stopped after incapacitating the attacker with just a few stabs, they argued. They also pointed to surveillance footage that showed the deceased victim stumbling in a drunken manner prior to the attack – suggesting that this individual couldn’t have posed a real threat. 

In the end, the jury determined that the defendant was probably acting in self-defense – and they acquitted him of all charges. The defense’s argument of “sudden, close-quarters combat” seemed to resonate with the jury, who understood that there was no time to react or consider any course of action besides self-preservation. At the end of the day, the defendant was clearly robbed by not one but two attackers. 

How Did He Escape Felony Murder Charges?

Some observers have asked why the defendant did not face felony murder charges. After all, he was allegedly committing a crime (selling drugs) when the fatal altercation occurred. In some cases, it is possible to face felony murder charges even if you cause someone to unintentionally or accidentally die while you are committing a crime. In this case, it seems that the right to self-defense trumped any implications of illegal drug dealing. In other words, the defendant’s right to self-defense did not disappear simply because he was selling Xanax under questionable circumstances. One has to wonder what would have happened if the defendant did not defend himself. Would a reasonable person allow themselves to be seriously injured or murdered with a broken vodka bottle?

Get in Touch with a Qualified Defense Attorney in Massachusetts

If you have been searching for a qualified, experienced defense attorney in Boston, consider booking a consultation with Edward R. Molari.